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Iodate is one of the common oxyanions of iodine. The oxidation number of iodine is +1, while the iodate ion is +5. Compared to iodide, iodate is much more stable.
Iodate is an inorganic anion that is strongly hydrating and binds to water by drawing in oxygen atoms from nearby molecules. Its shape and structure are pyramidal. In fact, it is the most stable form of iodine in nature.
In addition to iodate, iodine also exists as an iodide. This is a single iodine atom that is bound to three atoms of oxygen. There is a positive charge on the iodine atom and a negative charge on the third oxygen atom.
Another iodine ion is the hypoiodite ion. When iodine and oxygen combine, a covalent bond is formed that forms the hypoiodite ion. While iodide can be produced in solution, hypoiodite can only be made in the presence of iodine.
Some minerals that contain iodate include bruggenite, salesite, and the caliche deposits in Chile. These mineral compounds are used in chemical synthesis and personal care products. Calcium iodate is used as a nutritional supplement for cattle. Chromium iodate is also a salt that is found in personal care products.
The iodate clock reaction is used in a variety of iodine-containing compounds. Iodates are the ions most commonly used in this reaction. To simulate this reaction, scientists have built computer simulations. They then combined the simulations with experiments and observations to determine the atomic structure of iodate.