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There are five properties of element 113, or nihonium. It is a rare-earth element, member of the group 13. As a metal, it is expected to be a solid material at room temperature. However, radioactivity makes it toxic. The only known isotopes of nihonium are produced by fusing atomic nuclei.
When a heavy isotope is formed, it is likely to decay within a hundred seconds. Most of the nihonium isotopes have a half-life of around a third of a year. They are not stable enough to be used in nuclear reactors.
These elements are artificially created in cyclotron experiments. Special equipment is required to detect superheavy elements. Nihonium is the first Asian element to be discovered. In addition, it is the first element to be discovered in a country that does not possess it naturally.
The first scientific discovery of element 113, or nihonium, occurred in 2004. A team of scientists from the Joint Institute of Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia, and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California reported findings. This was followed by another discovery in 2005.
Element 113, or nihonium, is a p-block transactinide element. It has a number of properties that are similar to boron and aluminium.
This element was named nihonium, or Japan, in honor of Yuri Oganessian, a scientist at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research. The name also pays homage to Masataka Ogawa, a Japanese scientist who had contributed to the study of elements.